A Comprehensive Freshmen: Physical Education Program is built on physical education. It is an academic topic distinguished by a structured, sequential K-12 curriculum (course of study) based on national physical education standards. Physical education consists of cognitive content and teaching motor skills, knowledge, physical activity, and fitness behaviors. Supporting schools in regular physical education can provide pupils the capacity and confidence to stay active for the rest of their lives.
Given that the brain is in charge of mental and physical processes in the human body, brain health is critical throughout life. Brain health in children can be measured by their attention span, on-task behavior, memory, and academic performance in a learning environment. The findings of contemporary research on the relevance of physical activity and the level of physical fitness to brain health in children are reviewed in this chapter.
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The Importance of Freshmen: Physical Education
PE teachers otherwise known as freshmen: physical education educators, who are well-versed in child development, ensure that the curriculum includes age-appropriate activities that assist growing brains and bodies. They will modify lessons to ensure they are appropriate for their groups and do not overwhelm youngsters with too advanced skills or expectations. Simultaneously, they recognize when kids are ready to be pushed.
PE improves motor skills, muscle strength, and bone density, making pupils more inclined to engage in healthful activities outside the classroom. Furthermore, it teaches children about the beautiful effects of exercise and how good it can make them feel. Participating in PE puts youngsters on track to acquire a habit of regular exercise, which can combat obesity and lower the chances of developing diseases such as heart disease and diabetes.
It also aids in the maintenance of their brain and mental wellness. Making exercise ‘natural’ from a young age instills it in them for the rest of their lives.
Physical education encourages youngsters to broaden their skills because understanding the principles of one sport makes it easier to learn the regulations of another. Because students spend so much time at school, it is an excellent location for them to be empowered to take responsibility for their health.
A side benefit of physical education is that it makes youngsters more thoughtful of what they put into their bodies. They understand the necessity of eating a healthy, balanced diet and that sugary snacks are not the most excellent approach to fuel their sport. They frequently desire to learn more about their body, which teaches them to care for themselves and others.
How Does Physical Education Relate to Academic Performance?
Academic success testing enforced by the state has had the unintended consequence of diminishing chances for students to be active throughout the school day and beyond. However, little evidence supports the claim that more time spent studying subject matter results in higher exam scores.
Indeed, studies of physical activity throughout the school day show a positive association between physical activity and academic achievement. Overall, a rapidly rising body of research demonstrates that time spent engaging in physical activity is associated with a healthy body and a healthier mind.
A single session of moderate-intensity physical activity has been discovered to increase brain and behavioral concomitants linked with allocating attention to a given cognitive task. Children answer faster and more accurately to several mental activities after a physical activity session.
Children that took part in half an hour of aerobic physical activity were compared to children who watched television for the same length of time. The former children outperformed the latter in terms of cognitive performance. Data from visual task switching in overweight and sedentary children revealed no differences in cognitive performance after treadmill walking versus sitting. Post Engagement impacts include:
- Greater attention.
- Increased on-task behaviors.
- Improved academic achievement when physical activity is employed as a break from educational learning time.
Learning Outcome from Physical Education
Achieving and sustaining a healthy level of aerobic fitness, as determined by the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey’s criterion-referenced standards, is the desired learning goal of physical education programming. Regular physical activity participation is also a national learning criterion for physical education to facilitate the development of traditional and meaningful physical activity involvement. Even though physical fitness and physical activity participation are set as learning objectives in all 50 states, there is little evidence that children reach and maintain these criteria. Early studies in South Australia focused on measuring the benefits of physical activities and physical education during the school day; the benefits identified included increased physical fitness, reduced body fat, and a lower risk of cardiovascular disease. Datasets on youth physical fitness and academic achievement at the state and national levels have enhanced access to student-level information on this subject.
Benefits of Freshmen: Physical Education
According to research, exercise can be the best defense against many of the typical mental health challenges that kids face;
- Stress – Peer pressure, work overload, and high-stakes testing are all sources of stress for students in and out of the classroom. Exercise reduces both emotional and physical stress, and it also works at the cellular level. Physical activity is a natural strategy to prevent the adverse effects of stress since it can fend off and even cure the effects of chronic stress. Furthermore, studies demonstrate that people who increase their physical activity become more socially active, which promotes confidence and aids in establishing and maintaining social bonds.
- Panic and Anxiety Disorders – Anxiety is a natural response to a threat, but worrying when there is no real threat to being unable to function normally is an anxiety disorder. Panic is the most severe kind of anxiety; many kids experience panic attacks during tests and cooperative learning situations, as well as from ordinary school stresses. Aerobic exercise, according to the majority of research, considerably lowers the symptoms of anxiety disorders. People can learn to reduce anxiety and regain confidence through exercising. Exercise reroutes the brain’s circuits, decreases muscle tension, and teaches an anxious person a different result to an anxiety-provoking circumstance, ultimately freeing them from their worrying inclinations.
- Depression – Aerobic exercise has been shown to improve depression symptoms. According to research, endorphins released in the brain during exercise contribute to a general sense of well-being. Exercise also increases dopamine levels, which improve mood and increase attention span. Students suffering from depressive moods can benefit significantly from thirty minutes of moderate exercise a few days each week.
- ADHD – Because of the requirement to sit still, face forward, and listen, the school can be an extremely trying lace for students with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Structured activity, such as martial arts, ballet, skating, or gymnastics, is one of the most effective ADHD treatment options.
- Encourages Self-Discipline – Children with access to high-quality PE programs learn life skills they can utilize for the rest of their lives. Implementing healthy habits and conditioning early in life is far easier than ” teaching an old dog new tricks.” Consider a middle school kid participating in a running fundamentals teaching unit. For a month, the student’s mile time decreases by three minutes, and they no longer need to walk to take breaks. Running around a school track may inspire the pupil to become an active walker or runner!
- Enhances Peer Relationships – The team-building process improves communication skills and the ability to get along with and cooperate with students from all backgrounds and personalities. Furthermore, physical education may be a powerful force in assisting children in successfully socializing with others and providing an atmosphere to gain positive people skills. Outside of school, not every youngster gets the opportunity to participate on a team. Being on a volleyball or softball team during PE class allows students to collaborate, cheer on teammates, and share the thrill of triumph or the anguish of defeat with their classmates.
Healthy Mind, Healthy Body
The numerous advantages of freshmen: physical education transfer from the playing field or gymnasium to the classroom, resulting in improved academic achievement. According to studies, students who take part in physical education can better regulate their behavior and stay focused in class. Sport frequently allows children to divert their attention away from their academic studies. It will enable them to unwind, release pent-up emotions, and spend time with their pals.